Clinical Evaluation of QMAC-dRAST for Direct and Rapid Antimicrobial Susceptibility Test with Gram-Positive Cocci from Positive Blood Culture Bottlesl

Hyunjung  Kim1   Hyun Yong  Jeong234   Sangkwon Han1   Shinhun Han1   Jungil  Choi1   Bonghwan  Jin2   Taegeun Lim123   Eun-Geun Kim1   Eun-Geun Kim1   Dong Young Kim1   Sang Hoon  Song5   Taek Soo Kim5   Sunghoon  Kwon12346*   

1 QuantaMatrix Inc.
2 Institutes of Entrepreneurial BioConvergence, Seoul National University
3 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Seoul National University
4 Department of Transdisciplinary Studies, Seoul National University
5 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital
6 Seoul National University Hospital Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul

* Corresponding author: Tel: +82-2-880-1736, Fax: +82-2-6280-1736, E-mail:


Background: Timely intervention in the treatment of bloodstream infection is important for prescription of appropriate antimicrobials. With prompt determination of the antimicrobial susceptibility of a causative agent,rapid antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) can help select the appropriate antimicrobial therapy. This clinical study is for evaluation of the clinical performance of the QMAC-dRAST for rapid AST directly from positive blood culture (PBC)s with Gram-positive cocci.

Methods:A total of 115 PBC samples with Grampositive organisms (76 Staphylococcus spp. and 39 Enterococcus spp.) were evaluated by the QMACdRAST system, and their pure culture isolates were evaluated by the MicroScan WalkAway (Beckman Coulter, USA) as the comparative AST system. Thirteen antimicrobial agents were included, and the agreement and discrepancy rates of the QMACdRAST system (Quantamatrix Inc., Republic of Korea) compared to the MicroScan WalkAway were calculated. To resolve discrepancies, the broth microdilution method was performed.

Results: The QMAC-dRAST system exhibited a categorical agreement rate of 94.9% (1,126/1,187) and an essential agreement rate of 98.3% (1,167/1,187). The QMAC-dRAST system yielded very major (falsesusceptible) errors at 1.0% (5/485), major (false-resistant) errors at 1.3% (9/693), and minor errors at 4.0% (47/1,187) compared to the MicroScan WalkAway. The QMAC-dRAST system significantly eliminated 30 hours of total turnaround time by combination of direct inoculation of PBC and an image-based approach.

Conclusion: The results of the QMAC-dRAST system were highly accurate. Thereby, the QMAC-dRAST may provide essential information to accelerate therapeutic decisions for earlier and adequate antibiotic treatment and patient management in clinical settings. (Ann Clin Microbiol 2018;21:12-19)


This work was supported by the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI13C1468 and HI13C0866).

Figures & Tables

Table 1Distribution of Gram-positive cocci from PBCs used in this study