Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology

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Indexed in KCI, KoreaMed, Synapse, DOAJ
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pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

Comparison of Selective Media for Culture of Helicobacter pylori

Original article

Annals of Clinical Microbiology (Ann Clin Microbiol) 2001 June Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 11-15.

Comparison of Selective Media for Culture of Helicobacter pylori

In Ki Paik, M.D., Yong Soon Kim, M.D., Won Chang Shin*, M.D., and Jin Ho Lee*, M.D.

Department of Clinical Pathology & Internal Medicine*, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Backgrounds : Culture of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) from gastric biopsy specimens is a standard method with high specificity among H. pylori diagnostic tools and is also essential for antibiotic susceptibility test. The authors compared 5 selective media for H. pylori culture and tested fresh human serum instead of fresh animal blood as a media composite.

Methods : Gastric biopsy specimens from endoscopic examination were obtained from 50 patients (gastric ulcer:33, duodenal ulcer:12, stomach cancer:5) and they were finely minced with a tissue grinder. Specimens were inoculated onto 5 media (1. Columbia agar with 5% sheep blood, 2. Columbia agar with 10% human serum, 3. Thayer-Martin agar with 5% sheep blood, 4. T-M agar with 10% human serum, 5. T-M agar with 10% hemoglobin) and cultured for 3∼7 days under microaerophilic condition. Gram stain, oxidase, catalase, and urease tests, were undertaken on typical colonies for diagnosis of H. pylori.Contamination by other organisms, number and size of H. pylori colonies were compared for each media.

Results: Positive culture rate of H. pylori was not significantly different among 4 media except TM agar with 10% hemoglobin. However T-M agar with 10% fresh human serum was considered as the best composition for culture of H. pylori because it had the least contaminating organisms and produced the largest colony sizes.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that T-M agar with 10% fresh human serum can replace columbia agar with 5% sheep blood which has been commonly used for culture of H. pylori from gastric biopsy specimens. Fresh human serum, which is easily obtained in the clinical laboratory, can replace animal bloods in making media for H. pylori. (Korean J Clin Microbiol 2001;4:11-15)

Keywords

Helicobater pylori,Culture, Media