Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology

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pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

Two Cases of Extragenital Infection by Mycoplasma hominis

Case report

Annals of Clinical Microbiology (Ann Clin Microbiol) 2010 March, Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 47-50.

https://doi.org/10.5145/ACM.2010.13.1.47

Two Cases of Extragenital Infection by Mycoplasma hominis

Mi Ae Jang, Min Jung Song, Jang Ho Lee, Nam Yong Lee

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Mycoplasma hominis is a commensal organism in the genitourinary tract. Extragenital infections by M. hominis are rare, and its occurrence is usually limited to immunocompromised patients. Here we report two patients with extragenital infection by M. hominis. The first patient, a woman with angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma, underwent autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. The second patient, a woman with endometrial cancer, received laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. They both presented with septic symptoms, including fever, and M. hominis was isolated from pleural effusion and ascitic fluid, respectively. We are reporting these two cases of extragenital infection by M. hominis with a literature review to emphasize that the rapid isolation of M. hominis with early treatment can lead to a better prognosis. (Korean J Clin Microbiol 2010;13:47-50)

Keywords

Mycoplasma hominis, Pleural effusion, Ascitic fluid