Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology

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pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

Direct Detection of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Blood Cultures Using Three Non-Molecular Methods: PBP2a Latex Agglutination, PBP2a Rapid Immunochromatographic Assay and MRSA-Chromogenic Medium

Original article

Annals of Clinical Microbiology (Ann Clin Microbiol) 2012 March, Volume 15, Issue 1, pages 27-31.

https://doi.org/10.5145/ACM.2012.15.1.27

Direct Detection of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Blood Cultures Using Three Non-Molecular Methods: PBP2a Latex Agglutination, PBP2a Rapid Immunochromatographic Assay and MRSA-Chromogenic Medium

Seung Bok Hong1, Bo Ra Son2, Kyeong Seob Shin2,3
1Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Juseong University, Cheongwon, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, 3BK 21 Chungbuk Biomedical Science Center, College of Medicine Chungbuk National University, Cheong-Ju, Korea

Abstract

Background: This study compared three non-molecular methods for the detection of methicillin-resistance directly from blood cultures containing Staphylococcus aureus: penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 2a latex agglutination (LA), PBP2a immunochromatographic assay (ICA) and MRSA chromogenic medium (CM).

Methods: Fifty methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and 50 methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) were seeded into blood-culture bottles. When isolates returned a positive signal, 5 mL of culture was added to serum separator tubes and centrifuged at 1,300 g for 10 min. The pellets were then used as the inoculum for the PBP2a LA, MRSA-CM and PBP2a ICA. The pure colony was used for PBP2a LA test, additionally.

Results: The respective sensitivities and specificities were 98 and 100% for PBP2a ICA, and 100 and 100% for MRSA-CM in direct detection of MRSA from positive blood culture. The results of PBP2a LA test using pure colony were entirely compatible with those by mecA gene PCR but the PBP2a LA test using the pellets directly isolated from positive blood culture showed sometimes ambiguous agglutination; its sensitivity and specificity were 78 and 100%, if ambiguous results were scored as negative, and were 90 and 92%, if ambiguous results were scored as positive, respectively.

Conclusion: For direct detection of MRSA in positive blood culture, MRSA-CM and PBP2a ICA provided excellent results. The PBP2a LA test using pure colony also gave excellent results but the PBP2a LA test by the direct method using pellet of positive blood culture was slightly less sensitive than the other two methods. (Korean J Clin Microbiol 2012;15:27-31)

Keywords

Blood culture, Chromogenic medium, Direct detection, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Penicillin- binding protein 2a