Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology

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pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

Active Surveillance of Multidrug-Resistant Organisms with Rapid Detection Methods for Infection Control

Review article

Annals of Clinical Microbiology (Ann Clin Microbiol) 2015 December, Volume 18, Issue 4, pages 103-110.

https://doi.org/10.5145/ACM.2015.18.4.103

Active Surveillance of Multidrug-Resistant Organisms with Rapid Detection Methods for Infection Control

Young Ah Kim1, Kyungwon Lee2
1Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine and Research Institute of Bacterial Resistance, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria have become an increasingly serious problem in Korea, and multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii have increased over the recent years. More seriously, the recent emergence of carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae is thought to be an urgent worldwide threat. Active surveillance have been identified as an important tool as an intensified infection control intervention for the control of MRSA and VRE and may be also an effective strategy for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli. Rapid detection using molecular methods could aid in the timely detection of MDRO carriers, and adequate application of infection control strategy could reduce the transmission of MDROs within hospital settings. (Ann Clin Microbiol 2015;18:103-110)

Keywords

Surveillance, Infection control, Molecular diagnostic testing, Multidrug-resistance