Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology

6

Weeks in Review

2

Weeks to Publication
Indexed in KCI, KoreaMed, Synapse, DOAJ
Open Access, Peer Reviewed
pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Genital Mycoplasmataceae in Korean Women: Correlation between Phenotypic Test and Resistance Genes

Original article

Annals of Clinical Microbiology (Ann Clin Microbiol) 2016 March, Volume 19, Issue 1, pages 13-19.

https://doi.org/10.5145/ACM.2016.19.1.13

Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Genital Mycoplasmataceae in Korean Women: Correlation between Phenotypic Test and Resistance Genes

Jiyoung Chang1, Jin Kyung Yu1, Changeun Song1, In Yang Park2, Yeon-Joon Park1
Departments of 1Laboratory Medicine, 2Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background: While 7.6% of cultured genital Mycoplasmataceae was identified as Ureaplasma urealyticum, most of them were Ureaplasma parvum (80.3%). This is the first study differentiating between these two species. We investigated the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of genital Mycoplasmataceae in Korean women.

Methods: A total of 150 specimens submitted to the laboratory for culture of M. hominis and Ureaplasma spp. were included. Detection and antimicrobial susceptibility tests were performed with the Mycoplasma IST2 kit (bioMérieux, France). The identification of Ureaplasma spp. was performed by PCR, and mutations in drug resistance genes were investigated by PCR and sequencing.

Results: In total, 66 specimens (44.0%) were positive for genital Mycoplasmatacea: U. parvum, 53 (80.3%); U. urealyticum, 5 (7.6%); M. hominis, 2 (3.0%); mixed infection, 6 (9.1%). Susceptibilities of Ureaplasma spp. to erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, and doxycycline were 86.0%, 80.7%, 98.2%, and 94.7%, respectively. The susceptibility of Ureaplasma spp. to ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin was 47.4% and 17.5%, respectively. The S83L mutation was found in the ParC subunit of the ofloxacin-resistant (5/7, 71.4%) and the ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates (7/14, 50.0%). One M. hominis isolate showed resistance to erythromycin, azithromycin, and clarithromycin but susceptibility to josamycin, pristinamycin, fluoroquinolones, and tetracyclines.

Conclusion: The prevalence of genital Mycoplasmataceae in Korean women was 44.0%; most of them were identified as U. parvum. As more than 10% of Ureaplasma spp. showed non-susceptibility to erythromycin and azithromycin (15.5%, 20.7%), a susceptibility test is needed prior to use of these antibiotics. Further study is needed about the clinical features of infections caused by U. urealyticum vs. U. parvum and their associated resistance mechanisms. (Ann Clin Microbiol 2016;19:13-19)

Keywords

Antimicrobial susceptibility, Mycoplasma IST2 kit, Ureaplasma parvum, Ureaplasma urealyticum