Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology


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Indexed in KCI, KoreaMed, Synapse, DOAJ
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pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

Analysis of Blood Culture Data at a Tertiary University Hospital, 2006-2015

Original article

Annals of Clinical Microbiology (Ann Clin Microbiol) 2017 June, Volume 20, Issue 2, pages 35-41.

Analysis of Blood Culture Data at a Tertiary University Hospital, 2006-2015

Yiel-Hea Seo, Ji-Hun Jeong, Hwan Tae Lee, Woo-Jae Kwoun, Pil-Whan Park, Jeong-Yeal Ahn, Kyung-Hee Kim, Ja Young Seo

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea


Background: Cumulative blood culture data provide clinicians with important information in the selection of empiric therapy for blood stream infections.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed blood culture data from a university hospital during the period from 2006 to 2015. Only the initial isolates of a given species for each patient were included.

Results: The number of blood cultures per 1,000 inpatient-days increased from 64 in 2006 to 117 in 2015. The ratio of significant pathogens to total isolates was 0.56-0.63. The most common organisms were Escherichia coli in 2006-2010 but changed to coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) in 2011. The proportion of Staphylococci aureus was decreased during the study period, but Klebsiella pneumoniae was increased. Enterococci were increased, especially E. faecium, which was more frequently isolated than E. faecalis in 2015. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was decreased during the study, but Acinetobacter baumannii was increased. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) changed from 62.2% to 53.9%, while vancomycin-resistant E. faecium increased to 35.8%. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae increased to 25% and 34%, respectively, in 2015. Starting in 2008, three E. coli and 11 K. pneumoniae isolates were carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and three were carbapenemase- producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). The prevalence of imipenem-resistant A. baumannii rapidly increased during the study period.

Conclusion: About 60% of all blood isolates were significant pathogens. The most common isolates changed from E. coli to CoNS in 2011. ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae, vancomycin-resistant E. faecium, and imipenem-resistant A. baumannii were increased during the study, while the proportion of MRSA tended to decrease slightly. Of the total isolates, 14 were CRE, and 3 were CPE. (Ann Clin Microbiol 2017;20:35-41)


Blood culture, Bacteremia, Prevalence