Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology

6

Weeks in Review

2

Weeks to Publication
Indexed in KCI, KoreaMed, Synapse, DOAJ
Open Access, Peer Reviewed
pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

June, 2023. Vol. 26 No. 2.

Research note

Risk factors associated with colistin-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection

Hae-Sun Chung, Chorong Hahm, Miae Lee

Ann Clin Microbiol 2023 June, 26(2): 29-36. Published on 20 June 2023.

Acinetobacter baumannii is an important cause of healthcare-associated infections and is resistant to almost all antimicrobial agents, with strains recently reported to be resistant to colsitin. In this study, we aimed to identify the risk factors associated with colistin-resistant A. baumannii infections by comparing colistin-resistant and -susceptible A. baumannii isolates. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 51 and 100 cases in which colistin-resistant and -susceptible A. baumannii were isolated, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that compared with patients with colistin-sensitive infections, patients with colistin-resistant A. baumanni infections had a combined pulmonary disease (P = 0.017), were admitted to intensive care unit (P = 0.020), and had prior mechanical ventilation (P = 0.003), tracheostomy (P = 0.043), percutaneous drainage (P = 0.070), hemodialysis (P = 0.002); use of colistin (P = 0.000), carbapenem (P = 0.000), and teicoplanin (P = 0.004); and co-infection (P = 0.035). Multivariate analysis indicated that eight variables were related to the likelihood of colistin-resistant A. baumanni infections: use of teicoplanin (Odds ratio [OR]: 3.140, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.529–18.650), prior hemodialysis (OR: 2.722, 95% CI: 0.851–8.709), combined pulmonary disease (OR: 2.286, 95% CI: 0.998–5.283), prior use of carbapenem (OR: 0.199, 95% CI: 0.863–5.603), co-infection (OR: 1.706, 95% CI: 0.746–3.898), prior mechanical ventilation (OR: 1.614, 95% CI, 0.684–3.809), intensive care unit admission (OR: 1.387, 95% CI: 0.560–3.435), and prior tracheostomy (OR: 1.102, 95% CI: 0.344–3.527); however, no statistical differences were observed. Although colistin use could not be proven in multivariate analysis, the possibility of being a risk factor cannot be ruled out.

[in Korean]

Case report

False positive cases in automated blood culture systems due to hyperleukocytosis: a case report

Do-Hoon Kim, Namhee Ryoo

Ann Clin Microbiol 2023 June, 26(2): 37-40. Published on 20 June 2023.

Automated blood culture systems are widely used in clinical microbiology laboratories to minimize the workload of laboratory personnel and permit fast turnaround times. However, sometimes false positive signals occur due to leukocytosis, presence of fastidious bacteria, or unexplained causes. We experienced false positive signal in a patient with hyperleukocytosis for the first time since the automated blood culture system was introduced in our hospital over 20 years ago. We present two case reports with literature review and describe the procedure for dealing with false-positive cases in our hospital.