Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology


Weeks in Review


Weeks to Publication
Indexed in KCI, KoreaMed, Synapse, DOAJ
Open Access, Peer Reviewed
pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

June, 2019. Vol. 22 No. 2.

Original article

Performance Evaluation of SENTiFIT 270 and FOB Gold Reagent for Detecting Fecal Occult Blood

Da Young Kang, Dokyun Kim, Keonhan Kim, In-Ho Jang, Seok Hoon Jeong

Ann Clin Microbiol 2019 June, 22(2): 29-34. Published on 20 June 2019.

Background: Fecal occult blood tests have been widely used to screen for colorectal cancer. SENTiFIT 270 (Sentinel diagnostics, Italy) is a fecal occult blood test with an immunochemical method that utilizes FOB Gold reagents. We evaluated the performance of SENTiFIT 270 using the FOB Gold reagent. In addition, FOB Gold was evaluated with the HITACHI 7180 (Hitachi Ltd., Japan).

Methods: The precision and linearity of the SENTiFIT 270 was evaluated in accordance with applicable Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute guidelines. The comparison study between SENTiFIT 270-FOB Gold and the OC-Sensor (Eiken chemical Co., Japan) was performed using stool specimens.

Results: In the precision evaluation, the total precision of SENTiFIT 270-FOB Gold was 4.94% and 2.54% at high and low concentrations, respectively. The HITACHI 7180-FOB Gold had excellent precision of 4.60% and 2.09% at high and low concentrations, respectively. Linearity was also excellent for the SENTiFIT 270-FOB Gold and HITACHI 7180-FOB Gold at 0.9987 and 0.9986, respectively. The SENTITIF 270-FOB Gold showed excellent agreement with a kappa value of 0.830 and a concordance rate of 93.6%. The HITACHI 7180-FOB Gold showed high agreement with a kappa value of 0.832 and a concordance rate of 93.9%.

Conclusion: The SENTiFIT 270-FOB Gold showed excellent performance in accuracy, linearity, and comparative inspection ability.

[in Korean]

Original article

Comparison of Multiplex Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays for Detection of Respiratory Viruses in Nasopharyngeal Specimens

Jean Damascene Uwizeyimana, Min Kyung Kim, Daewon Kim, Jung-Hyun Byun, Dongeun Yong

Ann Clin Microbiol 2019 June, 22(2): 35-41. Published on 20 June 2019.

Background: Respiratory tract infections are major public health threats, and the identification of their causative microbes helps clinicians to initiate timely and appropriate antimicrobial therapy and prevent the secondary spread of infection. The main goal of this study was to compare two multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays used to detect respiratory viral pathogens in nasopharyngeal swab specimens.

Methods: Between September and October 2017, a total of 84 nasopharyngeal specimens were obtained consecutively from patients in a tertiary hospital using a flocked swab with 3 mL universal transport medium (COPAN Diagnostics, USA). A total of 64 positive and 20 negative sample results from the LG AdvanSure RV real-time RT-PCR kit (LG Life Sciences, Korea) were further retested using a new AdvanSure RV-plus a real-time RT-PCR kit to compare their performance.

Results: Statistical analysis of positive and negative agreement between the two different kits was conducted between the newly introduced AdvanSure RV-plus real-time RT-PCR kit and the AdvanSure RV real-time RT-PCR. The overall agreement was 96.4%, with positive agreement of 98.4% and negative agreement of 90%. The evaluated sensitivity and specificity of AdvanSure RV-plus real-time RT-PCR were 96.9% and 94.7%, respectively, with a kappa value of 0.9 (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The performances of LG AdvanSure RV real-time RT-PCR and the new AdvanSure RV-plus real-time RT-PCR kit showed strong overall agreement. AdvanSure RV-plus real-time RT-PCR had a better detection rate and could detect coronavirus 229E and enterovirus, especially with a high detection rate in coinfection. AdvanSure RV-plus real-time RT-PCR can be considered a useful tool for respiratory virus diagnosis in clinical laboratories.

Original article

Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Genetic Analysis of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Diarrhea Patients in Busan

Sun Hee Park, Byeong Jun Kim, Young Hee Kwon, In Yeong Hwang, Gyung Hye Sung, Eun Hee Park, Sung Hyun Jin

Ann Clin Microbiol 2019 June, 22(2): 42-49. Published on 20 June 2019.

Background: Campylobacter jejuni is an important food-borne pathogen that causes human gastroenteritis. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of isolation, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, and C. jejuni genotype from diarrhea patients in Busan, Korea.

Methods: A total of 97 C. jejuni were isolated from diarrhea patients during five food-borne outbreaks from 2014 to September 2017. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests were carried out by the broth microdilution method for ciprofloxacin (CIP), nalidixic acid (NAL), tetracycline (TET), chloramphenicol, azithromycin (AZI), erythromycin (ERY), streptomycin (STR), gentamicin, and telithromycin. To investigate C. jejuni genotypes, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profile analysis was performed.

Results: The isolation rate of C. jejuni was 2.0% for the last 4 years and increased annually. Antimicrobial resistance rates of C. jejuni were shown to be in the order of NAL (90.9%), CIP (89.4%), TET (13.6%), AZI (3.0%), ERY (3.0%), and STR (1.5%). The proportion of multidrug-resistance was 18.2%, and they commonly contained quinolones (CIP-NAL). Analysis of PFGE patterns of SmaI-restricted DNA of C. jejuni isolates showed 17 clusters; cluster 11 was the major genotype pattern.

Conclusion: This study will provide useful data for the proper use of antimicrobials and the management of resistant C. jejuni. Also it will help to provide data for the epidemiological investigation of food- borne diseases caused by C. jejuni, which is expected to increase in the future.

[in Korean]

Case report

Facklamia hominis Isolated from a Wound: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Tae Yeul Kim, Juyeon Jo, Namhee Kim, Hyunwoong Park, Eun Youn Roh, Jong Hyun Yoon, Sue Shin

Ann Clin Microbiol 2019 June, 22(2): 50-54. Published on 20 June 2019.

Facklamia hominis is a facultative anaerobic Gram-positive coccus generally displaying weak alpha-hemolysis and negativity for catalase and oxidase. Facklamia species are part of the normal flora of the female genitourinary tract and have been reported in invasive diseases such as meningitis and infective endocarditis, albeit rarely. A 67 year-old-man presented to hospital with a tender, erythematous epidermal cyst on the right side of his upper back. Simple excision of the cyst was performed and the pus was taken with a sterile swab for culture, yielding no growth. One week later, discharge was observed in the patient’s wound site and a sterile swab for culture was taken. The colonies grown were identified as F. hominis by the Vitek 2 system (bioMérieux, France), and the result was then reported to clinicians, and later confirmed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of F. hominis isolation from a clinical specimen in Korea. 

[in Korean]