Annals of Clinical Microbiology, The official Journal of the Korean Society of Clinical Microbiology

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pISSN 2288-0585 eISSN 2288-6850

emm Types and Clusters of Group A Streptococcus Causing Acute Pharyngitis in Changwon Korea, 2018–2019

Original article

Annals of Clinical Microbiology (Ann Clin Microbiol) 2021 March, Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 127-134.

https://doi.org/10.5145/ACM.2021.24.4.3

emm Types and Clusters of Group A Streptococcus Causing Acute Pharyngitis in Changwon Korea, 2018–2019

Seon A Jo1, Seungjun Lee2, Sunjoo Kimm2,3
1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Daewoo General Hospital, Geoje, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, Jinju, Korea

Abstract

Background: Group A streptococcus (GAS) is the most common cause of bacterial pharyngitis. This study aimed to characterize the molecular epidemiology of GAS infection using an emmtyping and emm-clustering approach.

Methods: A total of 372 patients from Changwon who showed pharyngitis symptoms were recruited during the sampling period of 2018–2019 and throat cultures were obtained from them. emm typing was performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. emm genotypes and GAS clusters were classified based on a web-based database.

Results: Of the 372 throat swab specimens, 101 (27.2%) were positive for GAS. emm typing analysis was performed on 59 GAS isolates. The most prevalent emm type was emm89 (20.3%), followed by emm12 (16.9%). Seven emm clusters were identified: E4 (emm89/ emm28, 32.2%), A-C4 (emm12, 16.9%), E1 (emm4, 13.6%), A-C5 (emm3, 10.2%), E6 (emm75, 8.5%), M6 (emm6, 8.5%), and A-C3 (emm1, 6.8%).

Conclusion: Diverse and temporal changes were observed in the distribution of emm types and clusters of GAS. Continuous surveillance based on emm genotyping is needed to monitor the epidemiological characteristics of GAS pharyngitis.

Keywords

Epidemiological surveillance, Group A streptococcus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Pharyngitis